LSRL 65: Rhaeto-Cisalpine at a glance

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Rhaeto-Cisalpine at a glance

Vol.1 Phonology, Orthography, Morphology

Claudi Meneghin
MIUR (Ministero dell'Istruzione Università e Ricerca)

Rhaeto-Cisalpine (or Padanese) is a western Romance language, spoken in the Po valley (extended to include the Ligurian coast), which has developed in an independent fashion from Italian and is strictly related to French, Occitan, and Catalan. This subject has been relatively neglected in recent years, apart from a monumental work by Geoffrey Hull, dating back to 1982.

This book aims at both offering a solid reference about, and at proposing a complete synthesis of this diasystem, including the Rhaeto-Romance languages and the so called Gallo-Italic ones, sometimes mistaken for Italian dialects, a conclusion probably driven by unscientific criteria inherited by the ’Italian Risorgimento’ political bias.

In the formation of a general Rhaeto-Cisalpine koiné the following criteria have systematically been adopted: getting close to medieval forms, purging the language from Italian influence, adopting Galloroman models as decisive contributions, accepting widespread forms and generalising local ones.

In particular Ladin forms (both Rhaetian and Dolomitic) have been deemed central, thus synthetic Padanese has been modelled mainly upon these ones.

The author is the founder of the "Institud de studis Rhaeto-Cisalpins"


Chapter 1. General Information 5
1. Introduction 5
2. Geographic overview 6
3. The koineisation process 6

Chapter 2. Phonology 9
1. Vowels 9
2. Diphthongs 9
3. Consonants 10

Chapter 3. Orthography 13
1. Guidelines and criteria 13
2. Outstanding orthographic fetures 14
3. Synoptic tables 16
4. Some excerpts from Padanian literature 21

Chapter 4. Morphology 25
1. The noun and adjective 25
2. The article 29
3. The personal pronoun 30
4. The demonstrative pronoun/adjective 33
5. The possessive pronoun/adjective 35
6. Relative and interrogative pronouns/adjectives 36
7. Indefinite pronouns/adjectives 37
8. The numerals 38
9. The adverb 40
10. Prepositions 44
11. Conjunctions 48
12. The verb 51
13. The Passive Conjugation 62
14. The Reflexive Conjugation 62
15. Irregular verbs 63
16. Verbs with vowel alternance 66

Bibliography 69

ISBN 9783895862083. 76pp. LINCOM Studies in Romance Linguistics 65. 2010.

Browse this category: LINCOM Studies in Romance Linguistics (LSRL)