Retroflexes and Markedness in Malayalam: an OT Perspective
Ashique Shoukath P. & Hemanga Dutta
Calicut University ; The English and Foreign Languages University (EFLU)
This study takes up the problem of phonological and non-phonological methods that determine the notion of ‘markedness’ on the basis of distribution, phonotactic restrictions and phonological processes in Malayalam Phonology, especially with reference to Malabar variety. This book tries to address the issues such as whether the reversal pattern of the Domination Hierarchy ranking (* retroflex >> *alveolar) characterizes the basic database of Malayalam and how the phonotactic restrictions and phonological processes involving both alveolar and retroflex sounds contribute to the emergence of marked features in Malayalam Phonology. Retroflex sounds and their behaviour in the phonological processes of Malayalam is idiosyncratic. The assimilatory process in Malayalam displays retroflex sounds as both trigger and target as well. The deletion process in Malayalam explains that retroflex sounds are prone to modification through the process of degemination. The nasal gemination process in Malayalam illustrates that retroflex sounds are indeed not resistant to the gemination process.
Brief profile of the authors
Ashique Shoukath P. is an Assistant Professor at Sullamusalam Science College affiliated to Calicut University, Kerala. He has completed his MA (Linguistics) and PhD from The English and Foreign Languages University (EFLU), Hyderabad. His research interests are Phonology, Phonetic Phonology interface, Linguistic Anthropology and Philosophy of Language.
Hemanga Dutta is an Assistant Professor at The English and Foreign Languages University (EFLU), Hyderabad, India. He has done his MA (Linguistics) and PhD from Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), New Delhi and completed his Post Doctorate from MIT, US under the auspices of Fulbright Nehru Fellowship. His research interests are Phonological theories, Phonetics Phonology interfaces, Loan word Phonology, Sociolinguistics and Applied Linguistics.
ISBN 9783862889730. Linguistics Edition 124. 187pp. 2020.