Semantics and Non-Truth-Conditional Meaning

Xosé Rosales Sequeiros C-Semantics_and_Non-Truth-Conditional_Meaning

Nazarbayev University


This book is concerned with semantics and, particularly, non-truth-conditional meaning. It covers a range of topics in this area and discusses previous approaches to the study of non-truth-conditional meaning, such as Speech Act theory and Gricean conventional implicatures.

The study shows that previous approaches to non-truth-conditional meaning fall short of providing an explanatory account of this type of meaning, as they fail to offer a comprehensive and unified theory of linguistic semantics. Moreover, they are shown to be insufficient, and often not even necessary, in explaining linguistic semantics in general and non-truth-conditional meaning in particular.

The book explores an alternative approach by integrating new advances in the discipline. It develops a unified and explanatory account of linguistic semantics by considering two key distinctions: one between conceptual and procedural meaning, and the other between explicit and implicit communication. These distinctions interact with different levels of representation available in linguistic communication to enable us to account for the variety of linguistic meaning and forms.

The discussion covers a range of linguistic forms, including sentence adverbials and parentheticals, discourse and pragmatic connectives, discourse particles and interjections, and mood indicators (both imperative and interrogative).

ISBN 9783862888658 (Hardbound). LINCOM Studies in Semantics 08. 176pp. 2018.


On the Old Babylonian Understanding of Sumerian Grammar

By Peter J. Huber


This essay is on the earliest serious grammatical documents in existence: a set of bilingual Sumerian-Akkadian verbal paradigms. These fascinating texts date to the early second millennium BC, when Sumerian was dead or dying as a spoken language, and are preserved in the tablet collection of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago. The Appendix reprints them together with morphological analyses and an English translation. They provide a bright spotlight on Sumerian verbal morpho-syntax – probably as sophisticated as is possible within a paradigmatic, non-discursive presentation.

A considerable effort is made here to extract the Sumerian grammatical structure, as it was understood by the Babylonians, from these texts alone. The paradigmatic grids are based on the Akkadian language, but they are complemented by inserts illustrating Sumerian features that do not fit into the Akkadian straitjacket. These texts are of unique importance for the early history of linguistics, but regrettably, they are hardly known outside of Sumerological circles. Interestingly, they seem to put special emphasis on aspects that still are controversial in modern Sumerian grammars, sometimes offering discordant interpretations. For example, deviating from modern grammars, they make a clear syntactic distinction between the first person pronoun and the ventive.

ISBN 9783862888689. LINCOM Studies in Asian Linguistics 87. 210 x 297 cm. 142pp. 2018.


French Pronunciation & Accents
Geo-social Applications of the Natural Phonetics & Tonetics Method

Luciano CanepariC-Canepari-French
University of Venice
This book applies the principles of Natural Phonetics & Tonetics to describe the pronunciation of French, including intonation, in a precise way never found in earlier treatises. It includes an introduction to the Natural Phonotonetics Method, which can be used for any other language, as well (without the sadly known limitations of official IPA).
The vowels, consonants, structures, and intonation of French, including liaison and the unstable e phoneme, are fully described and transcribed, with many examples of words, sentences, and conversations, in addition to the intonationally integrated IPA sample passage ‘The North Wind and the Sun’, and some lofty texts.
Different types of French pronunciation are fully described: international, neutral, traditional, mediatic. In addition, the neutral, mediatic and broad pronunciations currently used in France, Belgium, and Switzerland are extensively treated.
Further chapters describe (with clear phonic maps) the 61 regional accents found in: France, Belgium, Switzerland, and Canada, and other parts of the world.
Other chapters provide 7 traditional dialects, 23 foreign accents of French, 4 diachronic stages, 26 concise language phonopses for easier comparisons.
A mini-phono-dictionary contains about 200 words, chosen among the most problematic ones for pronunciation and the use of liaison. Extensive lists of homophones and numbers are also provided.
ISBN 9783862887910 (Hardbound). LINCOM Studies in Phonetics  21. 428pp. 2017.
From Merge to Move
A Minimalist Perspective on the Design of Language and its Role in Early Child Syntax

Joseph Galasso C-Galasso
California State University, Northridge
Perhaps the most unique of human-language properties is the existence of syntactic movement operations. The question as to why they should even appear within language has puzzled linguists ever since the conception of the generative grammar framework.  A second and perhaps even more interesting question is to ask how movement operations come to be embedded within the language faculty as template structures—and whether such templates for movement take-on emergent, maturational qualities over the brief span of a child’s early syntactic development.
In this monograph, assuming the current incarnation of the Minimalist Program (Chomsky 1995), the author has attempted to sort out what such an emergent language faculty would look like given its underdeveloped status at early syntactic stages of child language acquisition, assuming the biological null hypothesis calling for a maturational-based theory of child syntax. Namely, what types of configurations and operations would be seen at an early stage which first manifests only local Merge-based operations absent of what would become later-developed distant Move-operations? Data to be examined involve a longitudinal case study of a child, as well as other data dealing with Broca’s Aphasia which may shed further light on the question.  


ISBN 9783862887569 (Hardbound). LINCOM Studies in Theoretical Linguistics 59. 238pp. 2016.


Complete Guide to English! A User-Friendly Manual

Marcel Danesi C-danesi_6
University of Toronto
This book constitutes a complete guide to English grammar and how it is used in common conversations. It shows how the parts of English grammar fit together to produce a simple system that can be used to make communication effective and meaningful. It is intended for both native speakers of the language and those who are studying it as a foreign or second language. It takes nothing for granted and explains everything in the simplest terms possible.
With hundreds of practical exercises, the book can be used as a textbook for classroom usage, as a self-study manual, or as a reference manual of English grammar, since it contains a complete description of the language. Answers to all exericses are found at the back, as is a grammar glossary and a list of irregular verbs. This manual has in it all that someone will probably need to gain proficiency in the English language.
ISBN 9783862887415. LINCOM Language Textbooks 07. 382pp. 2016.


Typology of Taxis Constructions

Viktor S. Xrakovskij (ed.)C-Xrak5

Russian Academy of Sciences

This collective volume by the Language Typology Workshop of the St. Petersburg Institute for Linguistic Studies (Russian Academy of Sciences) addresses taxis (relative tense) constructions in languages of different structure. It continues the Workshop’s earlier studies under a general research program launched in the 1960s and focused on the grammatical verb categories related to the semantic and syntactic structure of the sentence. The Workshop’s earlier publications in English include: Nedjalkov V. P. (ed.). Typology of Resultative Constructions. Amsterdam, 1988; Xrakovskij V. S. (ed.). Typology of Iterative Constructions, LINCOM, München, 1997; Xrakovskij V. S. (ed.). Typology of Imperative Constructions. LINCOM München, 2001; Xrakovskij V. S. (ed.). Typology of Conditional Constructions. LINCOM, München, 2005; Nedjalkov V. P. (ed.). Reciprocal Constructions. Amsterdam; Philadelphia, 2007; and Xrakovskij V. S. (ed.). Typology of Concessive Constructions. LINCOM, München, 2012. This volume consists of two parts and an appendix.

Part 1 provides a background on taxis studies and sets forth the underlying theoretical concept. The proposed theoretical concept makes it possible to describe taxis constructions in a form that allows to demonstrate both their common (above all, semantic) properties and typological (above all, grammatical) differences between both related and unrelated languages. The concept establishes a typology of taxis verb forms, provides a characterization of prototypical and peripheral taxis constructions, and proposes calculi for taxis meanings and taxis constructions.

Part 2 consists of two sections and 20 chapters on taxis constructions in various languages. The descriptions are to a large extent uniform as they are based on a common questionnaire.

The contributors to this collective volume are: Alpatov V. M., Barentsen A. (Netherlands),  Bystrov I. S. , Dmitrenko S. Yu., Ibragimov I. I., Iskhakova X. F., Kordi E. E. , Kramarova S. G., Malchukov A. L., Nasilov D. M., Nedjalkov I. V., Nevskaya I. A.,   Nicolova R. (Bulgaria), Nikitina T. N., Nikitina T. V., Ogloblin A. K., Orosz A. (Hungary), Spatari N. M., Stankevich N. V., Tommola H.  (Finland), Wiemer B.  (Germany), Xrakovskij V. S., and Zorikhina-Nilsson N. (Sweden).

ISBN 9783862887224 (Hardbound). LINCOM Studies in Theoretical Linguistics 58. 710pp. 2016.


Complaints and Impoliteness in Service Encounters:

A Mixed Method Analysis

Ronald Geluykens & Bettina KraftC-geluykens_5

University of Oldenburg; University of Trier

Research on (im)politeness phenomena within (cross-cultural) pragmatics has, in the past, all too often focused on a narrow range of face-threatening acts such as requests and apologies, employing a limited range of (controlled) data tools such as dicourse completion tasks (DCTs), and using one single research method. The current book attempts to address these limitations by focusing on (spontaneously) occurring conflictual exchanges, and by using a mixed method approach.

The contribution this study makes is twofold. First of all, by employing a mixture of controlled (DCTs, role plays) and spontaneous (telephone and face-to-face) data, and by combining quantitative and qualitative analyses, we emphasize the advantages, indeed the necessity, of a mixed methodology. Secondly, by concentrating on service encounters, we show that complaints are speech events which are highly context-sensitive. We also demonstrate that previous studies have overestimated the role of politeness strategies in complaints; hence our claim that any analysis of conflict talk needs to take the role of impoliteness phenomena into account as well.

Ronald Geluykens is Full Professor of English Language at the University of Oldenburg; Bettina Kraft is Senior Lecturer in English Linguistics at the University of Trier. They have collaborated extensively on the analysis of complaints in the past.

ISBN 9783862887101 (Hardbound). LINCOM Studies in Pragmatics 30. 276pp. 2016.


Geschichten der klassischen japanischen Literatur

Noriko Katsuki-Pestemer (ed.)          C-katsuki5

Universität Trier


Dieses Buch präsentiert 48 Geschichten aus zwölf setsuwa-Werken der klassischen japanischen Literatur vom 9. bis 13. Jahrhundert. Zu diesem Genre der japanischen Literatur gehören Anekdoten, Erzählungen, Kurzgeschichten, Legenden, Mythen und Volkserzählungen; die Gemeinsamkeit dieser Gattungen ist, dass es sich um mündlich oder schriftlich tradierte Literatur handelt.

Die Originalfassung der Geschichten im klassischen Japanisch und teilweise im klassischen Chinesisch wurde unter der Leitung der Herausgeberin von Absolventen und Studierenden des Faches Japanologie an der Universität Trier ins Deutsche übersetzt. Eine jede dieser Geschichten enthüllt zahlreiche kulturelle Hintergründe, welche mit Fußnoten erläutert werden. Zudem entschlüsselt das im Buch angehängte Glossar, erstellt von Leon Krings, buddhistische, shintoistische und kulturgeschichtliche Fachtermini, um dem Leser ein noch tieferes Verständnis der Geschichten zu ermöglichen.

Das Zentralthema betrifft mehrheitlich den Buddhismus: Darstellung der Mönche und Nonnen mit hintergründiger Komik; buddhistische Belehrungen durch wundersame Geschichten; Vorstellung buddhistischer Werte (Duldsamkeit, Dankbarkeit, Mitgefühl für Mitmenschen); buddhistische Betrachtung der Frauen. Zudem sind Elemente des Konfuzianismus und Shintoismus, wie z. B. konfuzianistische Pietät und shintoistische Betrachtung der Gottheiten, erkennbar. Neben dem Buddhismus spielt auch Komik eine zentrale Rolle, welche durch übernatürliche Kräfte dargestellter Protagonisten hervorgerufen wird: bärenstarke Frauen, Mönche mit übernatürlichen Kräften, außergewöhnlich mutige junge Männer bei einer Mutprobe und ein Großfraß eines hohen Hofbeamten. Die durch Peinlichkeit hervorgerufene Komik ist zudem bei einigen Geschichten feststellbar. Außerdem gibt es Geschichten, deren Ursprung im alten China festzustellen ist, sodass eine enge kulturelle Verbindung zwischen China und Japan verdeutlicht wird. Eine Geschichte zeigt ferner die politische und kulturelle Verbindung zu der damaligen Koreanischen Halbinsel auf. Es treten in den dargestellten Geschichten neben Menschen nicht nur Tiere (Füchse, ein Marder, Rehe, eine Kuh, eine Krabbe, eine Schlange, ein Hund und Bienen), sondern auch fiktive Wesen (der oni, der tengu und Drachen) auf. Anekdoten geschichtlich bekannter Persönlichkeit werden auch geschildert. Alle diese Geschichten stellen verschiedene Gefühle der Menschen wie z. B. Angst, Eifersucht, Freude, Liebe, Neid, Traurigkeit und Wut dar.

Das Buch wird den Leser in eine Welt einführen, in der anhand Geschichten der klassischen japanischen Literatur ihm bislang verborgene Kulturen vorgestellt werden, die dessen ungeachtet gleichzeitig Gemeinsamkeiten zwischen voneinander vollkommen verschiedenen Kulturen aufzeigen.

ISBN 9783862886838 (Hardbound). LINCOM Studien zur Japanologie 01. 274 S.  2016.