This book is an outcome of teaching phonetics and phonology to graduate and postgraduate students in different universities in the Middle East for more than twenty years. During this time, the students and the author have felt the need for a coursebook in phonetics and phonology with an eye of comparison between the two languages, Arabic and English. To deeply understand how English and Arabic work in segmental and suprasegmental levels, different topics in phonetics and phonology syllabus are discussed in this book. In order to separate segmental and suprasegmental levels, the book is divided into two sections: Phonetics & Phonology. In the phonetics section, the book discusses the definition of phonetics, vocal organs, and detailed description of English consonants and vowels with a comparison between Arabic and English consonants and vowels.
In the phonology level, the book defines phonology and draws clear distinction between phonetics and phonology. It also discusses phonemes and allophones with examples from Arabic and English. Extensive exercises on broad and narrow transcription are provided. The prosody of English and Arabic has been discussed in terms of syllable structure, phonological processes, stress and intonation. The theory of Distinctive Features are presented with extensive tasks and exercises. Each chapter is followed by extensive T/F, MCQs and direct questions exercises. Phonetic symbols used in this book are based on the International Phonetic Alphabet Chart (IPA).