Référence: ISBN 9783895869501


Probal Dasgupta,  Rajendra Singh & Alan J.Ford

University of Hyderabad; Université de Montréal; Université de Monrtéal

The authors argue for a substantivist linguistics that parts company with the excessive concern with etymology that has shaped much modern work. Historical linguistics of the 19th century offered an etymology of words, but that etymology self-destructs, and merges into several structuralist projects. On our construal, this self destruction arises from Saussure’s attempt to push the Neo-grammarian logic to the point of demanding total accountability. But no structuralism can offer synchronic sources for words. Since the linguist’s etymological drive remained intact while the historical wing of the enterprise became first optional and marginal, the derivational impulse sought new objects. That impulse seems to us to have exhausted itself in frankly but unwarrantedly derivational accounts that are still the hallmarks of contemporary linguistics. We need to go beyond such accounts and beyond etymology.

The book examines what seem to be the core postulates of etymologism through their descriptive manifestations in grammar and argues for their replacement with substantivist postulates. It also asks that all linguists take a serious look at the substantive compulsions that have driven generative work not just to a revolution at the formal level, but also to a continuous substantive follow-up within that revolution.

Table of Contents:

1 Introduction
1.1 Preamble
1.2 Etymological Beginnings
1.3 Substance, Form, and Transparency
2 Morphology, Etymology, and the Internal Structure of Words
2.1 Introduction
2.2 On Units Smaller than the Word
2.3 Compounding and Incorporation
2.4 On Liberating Phonology
3 Towards a Non-Paninian Phonology
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Domains and Representations
3.3 Rules and Constraints
3.4 Some Comparisons
4 On Interpretation
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Beginning the Revision
4.3 Continuing the Revision
4.4 Rules, Strategies and Accomodation
4.5 Does Sense Precede Context?
5 Interpreting Different Expressions Differently
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Shaping Interpretations
5.3 The Road to Checking
5.4 Formalizing Sponsorship
5.5 Adpositions and Syntax
5.6 Post-formal Semantics and Syntax
5.7 Theta-marking and its Consequences
5.8 No Single Scene
6 Syntactic Epenthesis and the Rationality of Case
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Syntactic Epenthesis
6.3 Oblique-state Nominals in Hindi-Urdu
6.4 Agreement and Preposing
6.5 Morphological Involvement
6.6 The Empirical Edge
6.7 The Conceptual Edage
7 The Denomination Parameter
7.1 Introduction
7.2 The Locative
7.3 Remarks on Case
7.4 Denominators and Definiteness
7.5 Postpositions and Heterogeneity
7.6 Case, Integration, and Agreement
8 Epilogue: ARE WE READY?

ISBN 9783895869501. LINCOM Studies in Theoretical Linguistics 18. 180pp. 2000.

Parcourir cette catégorie : LINCOM Studies in Theoretical Linguistics (LSTL)