LSCHL 04: Bu-Yu, the Complex-Predicate Structures in Mandarin Chinese


LSCHL 04: Bu-Yu, the Complex-Predicate Structures in Mandarin Chinese

Référence: ISBN 9783895869020
77,20


Bu-Yu, the Complex-Predicate Structures in Mandarin Chinese

Haiyong Liu
Wayne State University

In this book, the author surveys the internal structures of three classes of bu-yu, complex-predicate structures, in Mandarin. They are traditionally termed as jieguo-‘resultative’ bu-yu, keneng- ‘potential’ bu-yu, and miaoshu- ‘descriptive’ bu-yu. They all consist of P(redicate)1 and P(redicate)2.

The author offers a finer categorization within and without these bu-yu structures that differ in formation, aspect marking, negation, and A-not-A question formation.

His analysis of P1 and P2 incorporation explains why in jieguo bu-yu, only P2 is under the scope of negation and why an intransitive P2 can now assign case. He argues that keneng bu-yu is derived from jieguo bu-yu, based on the similarities in their interpretations, the transitivity of their P2’s, and the optionality in their object topicalization and pro-drop. He proposes, however, that keneng bu-yu is a serial-verb construction, the infix de being an analytical morpheme for both potentiality and causativity. A successive cyclic analysis accounts for the idiosyncrasy in keneng buyu A-not-A question, which takes the form of P1-DE-P2-P1-not-P2, different from the normal A-not-A questions.

He divides miaoshu bu-yu into descriptives, resultatives, and causatives, depending on the nature of their P2. When P2 is an individual-level predicate, we have descriptives, with P2 being the main predicate. When P2 is a stage-level predicate, we have resultatives or causatives. Resultatives has either subject-control or complex clausal structure, based on the finiteness of P2. Causatives have ECM. The de in descriptives is argued to be a nominalizer, which explains the peculiar P1-copying effect.

The de in resultatives is argued to be a complementizer like English ‘that’. The de in causatives is argued to be a prepositional complementizer like English ‘for’ that introduces an infinitive complement.

ISBN 9783895869020. LINCOM Studies in Chinese Linguistics 04. 155pp. 2007.

Les clients qui ont acheté ce produit ont aussi commandé


Parcourir cette catégorie : LINCOM Studies in Chinese Linguistics (LSCHL)