Natural Phonetics and Tonetics
Articulatory, auditory, & functional
University of Venice, Italy
The author, who was trained in the British phonetic tradition and teaches Phonetics and phonology at the University of Venice, has expanded and completed the potential of natural phonetics, i.e. articulatory, auditory, and functional, in order to update and adapt it to the descriptive and teaching needs of several languages and dialects of the world, according to the phonetic method which is explained in the book.
The handbook offers the necessary expansion of the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) to make it appropriate to adequately deal with hundreds of languages; not only for vowels and consonants, but also for intonation and tones. Hundreds of useful figures are provided, in particular vocograms, orograms, labiograms, palatograms, and tonograms.
The general part, although beginning in a gradual way, deals with all the segmental and suprasegmentals in depth, without neglecting paraphonics (or “paralinguistics”). The handbook provides about 1000 “linguistic sounds” with their symbols, of which at least 500 are basic, 300 complementary, and 200 supplementary.
In the second part, about 320 languages from all over the world are concisely but precisely dealt with (including 72 dead languages).
In a twin volume (A Handbook of Pronunciation) the phonetic method is fully applied, by thoroughly dealing with the pronunciation of 12 languages: English, Italian, French, German, Spanish, Portuguese, Russian, Arabic, Hindi, Chinese, Japanese, and Esperanto.
The new fully revised and up-dated edition includes fairly important additions, integrations, substitutions, and modifications. Its title has changed to clearly show the rich potentialities of the natural approach.
The contents of NPT/HPh (& of HPr)
Observations on phonetic terminology
2. Doing phonetics
Guide to the figures
Guide to different types of transcriptions
Transcribing by hand
3. Pronunciation & phonetics
The phonetic method
4. The phono-articulatory apparatus
The vocal folds
Resonators (5 phono-articulatory cavities)
5. The classification of sounds
6. A gradual approach
Places of articulation
Manners of articulation
7. The official IPA & other notations
Prosodic indications & other diacritics
How come the IPA is not used by everyone?
Quick comparison between offIPA & canIPA
The official revision of the IPA (1989-96): A missed reform
Official tones & word accents
About non-IPA alphabets
Comparison with the main non-IPA symbols used in Romance studies
From a couple of IPA to many different non-IPA's
The phonetic alphabet of the ALI: Another example not to follow observations on the (non) ‘respect’ of symbols
Hypostatization & ‘ipastatization’
8. Vowels & vocoids
Other, less useful classifications
More about vocoids
Diphthongs: one phoneme or two?
canIPA vocoids & correspondent off IPA symbols
9. Consonants & contoids (1)
Trills, taps & flaps
10. Consonants & contoids (2)
Table of the main canIPA contoids
canIPA contoids (displayed according to articolation manners)
Trills, taps & flaps
Comparisons between similar contoids
11. Phonic peculiarities
Intense (‘syllabic’) contoids
Contoids with particular offsets
Dejective consonants (clicks)
Nasalization of vocoids
Vocoids in unstressed syllables
Vocoids in singing
Abolition of the term (and concept of) ‘retroflection’
Generic symbols (for phonic categories)
Scale of syllabicity
Syllables & the speech chain
Pitch & tones
Rhythm & rhythm groups
Pitch & intonation groups
Paragraph & text
Parentheses & quotations
Considerations on communicative ‘roles’
Considerations on intonation
Structures & generalizations
Other paraphonic elements
22. Dead languages
ISBN 9783895866449. LINCOM Textbooks in Linguistics 13. 518pp. 2007.