ISNM 02: Discovery in Mathematics: An Interdisciplinary Perspective


ISNM 02: Discovery in Mathematics: An Interdisciplinary Perspective

Product no.: ISBN 9783862883974
118.80
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Marcel Danesi
Department of Anthropology, University of Toronto, and Fields Institute for Research in Mathematical Sciences

This book examines the nature of discovery of mathematics and how it is connected to notation, representation, and language. Using insights from modeling systems theory in semiotics and blending theory in cognitive science, it puts forward the idea that discovery is interconnected with representation, with one model providing insights into deeper structures hidden or implicit in the models themselves. It will look in particular at how diagrammatic reasoning undergirds how mathematicians think and how this, in itself, is a source of further ideas and conceptualizations in the field, leading to new models, new theories, branches, and so on.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Introduction

List of Figures

1 Discovery, Invention, Proof
1.1 Discovery
1.2 Invention
1.3 Proof
1.4 Mathematical Hermeneutics

2 Notation and Compression
2.1 Notation
2.2 Symbology
2.3 Binarism
2.4 Principle of Least Effort

3 Diagrams and Modeling
3.1 Diagrams
3.2 Existential Graphs
3.3 Layouts and the Rebus Principle
3.4 Models

4 Induction, Deduction, and Abduction
4.1 Mythos versus Lógos
4.2 Induction, Contradiction, and Exploration
4.3 Deduction
4.4 Abduction

5 Mathematics, Science, and Reality
5.1 Science
5.2 Falsification
5.3 Reality
5.4 Concluding Remarks

References

Index
ISBN 9783862883974 (Hardcover). Interdisciplinary Studies on the Nature of Mathematics 02. (Series editor: Marcel Danesi, University of Toronto). 186pp. 2013

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