A Sociolinguistic Survey of the Languages of Nepal: a Synopsis
Indo-Aryan, Dravidian and Austro-Asiatic Languages
(Including a sociolinguistic typology of the Indo-Aryan, Dravidian and Austro-Asiatic languages spoken in Nepal)
Dan Raj Regmi
This volume II provides a synopsis of the major findings on the patterns of language use, multilingualism, mother tongue proficiency, language vitality, language maintenance, language attitudes, language resources, language development, and dialectal variations in the Indo-Aryan, Dravidian and Austro-Asiatic languages surveyed by the Linguistic Survey of Nepal from 6th March 2009 to 9th January 2018. The synopsis, organized into different zones/sections, has highlighted a number of common as well as zone or section-specific sociolinguistic features. Most of the Indo-Aryan, Dravidian and Austro-Asiatic speakers are reported as being proficiently bilingual in Nepali, the official language of Nepal. Around two-third such languages have exhibited certain geographical variations that call for intelligibility testing by means of RTT (Recorded Text Test). More than one-third Indo-Aryan languages have maintained certain levels of sustainable literacy. One-third languages belonging to the Eastern, Central and Northern Indo-Aryan sections are vigorous. They are predominantly used in most of the general domains.
Around one-third languages, belonging to the East Central Indo-Aryan section and Austro-Asiatic and Dravidian language family, however, are facing a decline in vitality. They are gradually being replaced, either by Nepali or by mixed languages in most general domains. Thus, the speakers of such languages need to be involved in community-based language activities appropriate to their current vitality levels for achieving a desired sustainable language use to transmit life crucial knowledge to youth in Nepal.
The author and editor, Professor Dr. Dan Raj Regmi, was former Head of Central Department of Linguistics, Tribhuvan University, Nepal, and was Director of the Linguistic Survey of Nepal that was conducted under the auspices of the Central Department Linguistics, Tribhuvan University and National Planning Commission, Government of Nepal.
ISBN 9783969390368 (Hardbound). Languages of the World 62. 231pp. 2021.