A Sociolinguistic Survey of the Languages of Nepal: a Synopsis
(Including a sociolinguistic typology of the Tibeto-Burman languages spoken in Nepal)
Dan Raj Regmi
This Volume I provides a synopsis of the major findings on the patterns of language use, bilingualism, multilingualism, mother tongue proficiency, language vitality, language maintenance, language attitudes, language resources, language development, and dialectal variations in the forty-seven Tibeto-Burman languages surveyed by the Linguistic Survey of Nepal from 6th March 2009 to 9th January 2018. The synopsis, organized into different sections/clusters, has highlighted a number of common as well as section or cluster-specific sociolinguistic features. The Central Bodish, West Bodish, West Himalayish, SAL and Central Tibeto-Burman languages are vigorous. They are still persistently used in most of the general domains. The Central Himalayish and Kirati languages, however, are severely threatened. Such languages are gradually being replaced, either by Nepali or by mixed languages in most general and specific domains. Moreover, most of the Tibeto-Burman speakers are reported to be proficiently bilingual in Nepali. Notably, most such languages have exhibited certain geographical variations that call for intelligibility testing by means of RTT (Recorded Text Test). Most such languages lack orthography texts and primers. Still, most of the speakers maintain positive attitudes toward their mother tongues. Most such languages, however, are facing a decline in vitality. Thus, the speakers of such languages need to be involved in community-based language activities appropriate to their current vitality levels so that their dream of implementing mother tongue education at the primary school level and their desire for imparting to youth the knowledge essential to their lives may be realized in Nepal.
The author and editor, Professor Dr. Dan Raj Regmi, was former Head of Central Department of Linguistics, Tribhuvan University, Nepal, and was Director of the Linguistic Survey of Nepal that was conducted under the auspices of the Central Department Linguistics, Tribhuvan University and National Planning Commission, Government of Nepal.
ISBN 9783969390351 (Hardbound). Languages of the World 61. 336 pp. 2021.