A Descriptive Grammar of Romanian
Radu Daniliuc & Laura Daniliuc
The Descriptive Grammar of the Romanian language is divided into 3 parts: phonology, morphology and syntax, preceded by a short introduction presenting the geographical areas where Romanian is spoken, the Latin basis of the language and the foreign influences during the centuries.
The first part describes the Romanian sounds: 7 vowels, 22 consonants, 11 diphthongs and 6 triphthongs. It also presents the theme, focus, intonation and information processing as they appear in Romanian. The second part contains concise presentations of the noun (type, gender, number, case, declension), the article(definite, indefinite, possessive, demonstrative), the adjective (type, declension, degrees of comparison and intensity), the pronoun (personal, neutral, of politeness, reflexive, possessive, demonstrative, relative, emphasizing, indefinite, interrogative, negative) the numeral (cardinal, ordinal, multiplicative, fractional, indefinite; the approximation), the verb (types, voice, mood, tense, person, number, inflexion), the adverb (type, degrees of comparison and intensity, special usage), the preposition and the conjunction.
The last part deals with the syntactic functions of the speech parts Subject, Predicate, Complements, Attributes, Apposition) and with types of sentences ( Subjective, Predicative, Attributive, 4 Completives, 14 Circumstantials, Apposition, Incidence). This part also has in view coordination and subordination, the topic, direct and indirect speech. All topics are accompanied by clear examples.
ISBN 9783895866371. LINCOM Studies in Romance Linguistics 14. 400pp. 2000.